Pasiva Ingles

Ejercicios resueltos de Pasiva Ingles para que domines esta parte tan importante de la gramática inglesa.

Explicación de la gramática para formar la pasiva en Inglés y ejercicios para convertir la voz activa en pasiva y la pasiva en activa.

Ejercicios Resueltos Pasiva Ingles

Vamos a ver algunos ejercicios resueltos de la Pasiva en Inglés:

  1. They are building a new stadium.
    Solución: A new stadium is being built by them.
  1. Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet.
    Solución: Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare.

3.The police arrested the suspect yesterday

The company launched a new product last month.

She is baking a delicious cake right now.

They will announce the winners tomorrow.

The teacher gave us a challenging assignment.

The chef cooked a gourmet meal for us.

They have already painted the room.

The principal will announce the exam results soon.

Convierte las siguientes frases pasivas en activas.

A new book has been published by the author.

The cake was eaten by the children.

A decision will be made by the committee.

The painting was created by a famous artist.

The song had been sung by her before.

The letter will be delivered by the postman.

The house was built by the construction company.

The report is being written by the intern.

The keys were taken by someone.

The play had been performed by the actors.

Al final de este articulo están los ejercicios resueltos de pasiva en Inglés con sus soluciones, pero primero os vamos a enseñar como formar la pasiva.

Como Pasar Una Oración a Pasiva

Para pasar una oración activa a pasiva se pone el sujeto el complemento que haya detrás del verbo en activa, ya sea directo o indirecto.

Mary filled the box with valuable jewellery.

The box was filled with valuable jewellery by Mary.

(Mary llenó la caja con joyas valiosas)

Cuando hay dos complementos, lo más frecuente en inglés es poner el complemento indirecto como sujeto.

They will give the owner their opinion.

The owner will be given their opinion.

Their opinion will be given to the owner. (menos frecuente)

(Darán su opinión al propietario)

Si el complemento indirecto es un pronombre objeto, se cambia a la forma de pronombre sujeto.

Mike has shown him around the city.

He has been shown around the city by Mike.

Se pone el verbo to be en el mismo tiempo que tenía el verbo principal en la voz activa, y el verbo principal, en participio.

She rented out her flat last winter.

Her flat was rented out last winter.

(Puso su piso en alquiler el invierno pasado)

En cuanto a los modales y be going to, es el verbo que los sigue el que se pone en pasiva.

We should cut down on our expenses.

Our expenses should be cut down on.

(Deberíamos reducir nuestros gastos)

That shop is going to give a discount tomorrow.

A discount is going to be given tomorrow at that shop.

(Se va a ofrecer un descuento mañana en esa tienda)

Se coloca el sujeto de la activa al final, precedido de by. Hay que cambiarlo por su correspondiente pronombre objeto si es uno personal.

They split the cost.

The cost was split by them.

(Se repartieron los gastos)

Se pueden utilizar dos formas de pasivas con verbos como say, think, believe, know, report y expect.

  1. Una formación impersonal formada por it + verbo en pasiva + subordinada introducida por that. Se traduce como una oración impersonal ( Se dice, piensa, cree…) o una oración activa. En las oraciones pasivas formadas con el verbo expect, el verbo de la subordinada suele ir en futuro.

It is expected that the documentary will reach all audiences.

(Se espera que el documental llegue a todos los públicos)

Known no se suele traducir en voz activa y, en cambio, si se puede traducir en pasiva.

It is known that many animals die because of global warming.

(Se sabe / es sabido que muchos animales mueren por el calentamiento global)

2. Una construcción formada por sujeto + verbo en pasiva + infinitivo. Este tipo de pasiva también se traduce como una oración impersonal o una oración activa.

That chef is said to be the best in the city.

( Se dicen / dicen que ese chef es el mejor de la ciudad)

Uso de las Pasivas en inglés

El uso principal es para indicar que la acción es más importante que el sujeto quién la realiza, bien porque es poco relevante o desconocido, bien porque no se quiere nombrar.

Además , de este modo se evita una frase en activa cuyo sujeto sería somebody, nobody, etc

Tabla Voz pasiva

Voz Pasiva en Inglés
TenseActivePassive
Present SimpleHe writes a letter.A letter is written by him.
Present ContinuousHe is writing a letter.A letter is being written by him.
Past SimpleHe wrote a letter.A letter was written by him.
Present Perfect SimpleHe has written a letter.A letter has been written by him.
Past Perfect SimpleHe had written a letter.A letter had been written by him.
Future SimpleHe will write a letter.A letter will be written by him.
ModalsHe can write a letter.A letter can be written by him.
Modals PerfectsHe must have written a letter.A letter must have been written by him.
Have toHe has to write a letter.A letter has to be written by him.
Be Going ToHe is going to write a letter.A letter is going to be written by him.

Ejercicios resueltos Pasiva inglés

Ejercicio 1: Convierte las siguientes frases activas en pasivas.

  1. They are building a new stadium.
    Solución: A new stadium is being built by them.

  1. Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet.
    Solución: Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare.

  1. The police arrested the suspect yesterday.
    Solución: The suspect was arrested by the police yesterday.

  1. The company launched a new product last month.
    Solución: A new product was launched by the company last month.

  1. She is baking a delicious cake right now.
    Solución: A delicious cake is being baked by her right now.

  1. They will announce the winners tomorrow.
    Solución: The winners will be announced by them tomorrow.

  1. The teacher gave us a challenging assignment.
    Solución: We were given a challenging assignment by the teacher.

  1. The chef cooked a gourmet meal for us.
    Solución: A gourmet meal was cooked for us by the chef.

  1. They have already painted the room.
    Solución: The room has already been painted by them.

.

  1. The principal will announce the exam results soon.
    Solución: The exam results will be announced soon by the principal.

Convierte las siguientes frases pasivas en activas.

  1. A new book has been published by the author.
    Solución: The author has published a new book.

  1. The cake was eaten by the children.
    Solución: The children ate the cake.

  1. A decision will be made by the committee.
    Solución: The committee will make a decision.

  1. The painting was created by a famous artist.
    Solución: A famous artist created the painting.

  1. The song had been sung by her before.
    Solución: She had sung the song before.

  1. The letter will be delivered by the postman.
    Solución: The postman will deliver the letter.

  1. The house was built by the construction company.
    Solución: The construction company built the house.

  1. The report is being written by the intern.
    Solución: The intern is writing the report.

  1. The keys were taken by someone.
    Solución: Someone took the keys.
  1. The play had been performed by the actors.
    Solución: The actors had performed the play.
Libro Ingles Network 1 ESO
Libro Ingles Network 1 ESO
Libro Ingles Network 2 ESO
Libro Ingles Network 2 ESO
Ejercicios de Ingles 2 Primaria Oxford para imprimir y descargar en PDF
Ejercicios de Ingles 2 Primaria Oxford para imprimir y descargar en PDF
Inglés Rephrasing 2 Bachillerato PDF con Soluciones
Inglés Rephrasing 2 Bachillerato PDF con Soluciones
Solucionario ingles 1 bachillerato burlington books
Solucionario ingles 1 bachillerato burlington books